Tom Jones by Henry Fielding And18th-Century Novel

Tom Jones by Henry Fielding

“Tom Jones” by Henry Fielding involves examining various aspects of the novel, including its narrative structure, characters, themes, and social commentary. Here’s a breakdown:

Narrative Structure:

    • Picaresque Elements:Tom Jones” follows the picaresque tradition, featuring a roguish but likable protagonist who embarks on a series of adventures.
    • Intricate Plot: The novel is characterized by its complex plot, filled with twists and turns, which often reflects the unpredictability of life.


    • Tom Jones: The central character, Tom, is a foundling with a good heart but a penchant for trouble. His journey is one of self-discovery and moral growth.
    • Sophia Western: The novel’s heroine, Sophia, represents virtue and moral integrity. Her love story with Tom is a central element.
    • Villains and Foils: Fielding creates a range of characters, including villains like Blifil and Square, as well as comedic figures, serving different narrative purposes.


    • Morality and Virtue: Fielding explores the theme of morality, often satirizing the hypocrisy of characters who profess virtue but act otherwise.
    • Class and Social Commentary: The novel provides a social critique, touching on issues of class, status, and the limitations placed on individuals based on their birth.

Humor and Satire:

    • Comic Elements: Fielding employs humor and wit throughout the novel, using satire to highlight societal flaws and individual foibles.
    • Breaking the Fourth Wall: The author’s direct address to the reader adds a metafictional layer and enhances the satirical tone.

Narrator and Style:

    • Authorial Voice: The narrative is presented through an omniscient and often humorous narrator, reflecting Fielding’s own views and commentary.
    • Parody and Allusion: Fielding uses parody and allusion, drawing on various literary forms and traditions, to create a rich and multi-layered text.

Social Commentary:

    • Legal and Social Institutions: Fielding, a magistrate in real life, critiques legal and social institutions through the novel, reflecting his own experiences and views on justice.

Cultural Impact:

    • Literary Legacy: “Tom Jones” is considered a seminal work in the development of the English novel, influencing later writers and contributing to the evolution of the genre.

“Tom Jones” is a multifaceted work that combines adventure, romance, social commentary, and humor, making it a rich and enduring piece of English literature. Fielding’s ability to blend entertainment with insightful critique has secured its place as a classic novel.

Plot construction of Tom Jones by Henry Fielding

The plot construction of “Tom Jones” by Henry Fielding is intricate and follows a picaresque structure, incorporating various subplots and characters. Here’s a general overview:

1. Introduction of Tom Jones:

  • The novel begins with the introduction of Tom Jones, a foundling discovered by the benevolent Squire Allworthy.
  • Tom grows up with Mr. Allworthy’s family, particularly with his neighbor’s daughter, Sophia Western.

2. Tom’s Youth and Love for Sophia:

  • Tom’s youth is marked by his good nature but also his impulsive and sometimes reckless behavior.
  • His love for Sophia Western, despite their difference in social status, becomes a central theme.

3. Banishment:

  • Tom is banished from the Allworthy estate due to false accusations of misconduct, orchestrated by his envious cousin, Blifil.

4. Adventures and Relationships:

  • Tom embarks on a series of adventures, encountering various characters and forming relationships along the way.
  • The character of Partridge, a loyal and comical friend, is introduced during Tom’s travels.

5. Sophia’s Struggles:

  • Meanwhile, Sophia faces her own challenges and struggles, including pressure to marry the villainous Blifil.

6. The Blifil Plot Unravels:

  • The machinations of Blifil are gradually revealed, and his true nature is exposed.

7. Reconciliation and Redemption:

  • Tom’s character undergoes development as he faces challenges, displaying growth and maturity.
  • The novel explores themes of virtue, morality, and redemption.

8. Culmination of Romantic Plot:

  • The romantic plot between Tom and Sophia reaches its climax, with obstacles and misunderstandings being resolved.

9. Resolution:

  • The novel concludes with the resolution of various plotlines and the restoration of order.
  • Virtue is rewarded, and the characters find their rightful places in society.

10. Social Commentary:

  • Throughout the narrative, Fielding provides social commentary on issues such as class, morality, and justice.
  • The novel reflects the author’s views on societal norms and institutions, drawing from his experiences as a magistrate.

11. Narrative Style:

  • Fielding employs a humorous and satirical narrative style, often breaking the fourth wall to address the reader directly.
  • The authorial voice serves as a guide, adding commentary on the events and characters.

In summary, Tom Jones by Henry Fielding and 18th-century novel unfolds as a picaresque journey, blending romance, adventure, and social critique. The complex plot weaves together the lives of diverse characters, offering a panoramic view of 18th-century English society while entertaining and engaging the reader.

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About Hafsa Tahira

Hafsa Tahira, a passionate educator and literature enthusiast. After finishing her Postgraduate degree in Education from an international university, she is on a mission to inspire, educate, and ignite a lifelong love for learning and literature. Through her writings, discussions, and recommendations, she endeavors to make the world of literature more accessible and enjoyable for everyone, regardless of their background or experience.

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